Halimbawa ng haiku means examples of haiku poems. This form has become so much popular that this form is often introduced in schools so that students can enjoy and learn.
The Form and Structure:
Haiku is a form of Japanese poetry which consists of 17 moare (also called “on” or syllables) in 3 metrical phrases of 5-7-5 moare respectively. But most writers of this verse form in English use about 10 to 14 syllables with no formal pattern.
The form of haiku poems consists of a “kigo” or “kireji” or verbal caesura. Japanese form is traditionally printed in a single vertical line whereas, in English, it is composed in 3 lines which is parallel to the 3 metrical lines in Japanese form.
It was the custom to make the carving of famous haiku upon natural stone in order to make poem monuments came to be known as kuhi.
Marlene Mountain was considered one of the first English-language haiku poets. He wrote the verse in a single horizontal line inspired by the single vertical line of printed Japanese haiku. The single-line form normally contains fewer than 17 syllables.
The writers of Haiku in English language make use of the following:
• 3 lines up to 17 syllables
• a season word (kigo)
• a cut or kire (sometimes marked by a punctuation) to compare two images
Influence of This Verse Form:
The influence of haiku poetry is felt worldwide. It is found in journals in Japan, and in the English-speaking countries including India, in Russia, in Northern Europe, in central and southeast Europe.
In the early 20th century, in India, Rabindranath Tagore tried his hands at haiku in Bengali and made some translations from Japanese. Zeenabhai Ratanji Desai ‘Sneharashmi’, made this verse form famous in Gujarati.
It was Feb’ 2008 when the World Haiku Festival was held in Bangalore, and its main intention was to gather haikuists from all over India and from Europe and the US.
Haiku had a significant influence on Imagists in the 1910s, especially Ezra Pound’s “In a Station of the Metro” of 1913.
At the time of the Imagist period, several mainstream writers and poets composed came to be known as “hokku,” in a 5-7-5 syllable pattern.
The Afro-American novelist Richard Wright composed around 4,000 haikus.
Examples of Haiku Poems:
Buson is really considered as one of the greatest masters of haiga which is an art form where painting is combined with haiku. And therefore, his love for painting is clearly seen in the style of his poems.
1. Bashō’s “old pond” is one of the famous examples:
(fu/ru/i/ke ya): 5
(ka/wa/zu to/bi/ko/mu): 7
mizu no oto
(mi/zu no o/to): 5
a frog jumps
the sound of water
2. A classic hokku by Matsuo Bashō:
fuji no kaze ya oogi ni nosete Edo miyage
the wind of Mt. Fuji
I’ve brought on my fan!
a gift from Edo
3. Snow in my shoe
Jack Kerouac (collected in Book of Haikus, Penguin Books, 2003)
4. Whitecaps on the bay:
A broken signboard banging
In the April wind.
Richard Wright (collected in Haiku: This Other World, Arcade Publishing, 1998)
out of the water
out of itself
off the moon
Nick Virgilio (Selected Haiku, Burnt Lake Press/Black Moss Press, 1988)
Raymond Roseliep (Rabbit in the Moon, Alembic Press, 1983)
7. an aging willow–
its image unsteady
in the flowing stream
Robert Spiess (Red Moon Anthology, Red Moon Press, 1996)
8. Just friends:
he watches my gauze dress
blowing on the line.
Alexis Rotella (After an Affair, Merging Media, 1984)
9. meteor shower…
a gentle wave
wets our sandals
Michael Dylan Welch (HSA Newsletter XV:4, Autumn 2000)